Attenuating – Definition & Meaning

Attenuating is a term that is often used in various fields, including science, medicine, and engineering. It refers to the process of reducing the intensity, force, or magnitude of something. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of attenuating, its origin, synonyms, antonyms, and examples of its usage in sentences.


The term attenuating is defined as the process of reducing the strength or severity of something. This can refer to a variety of things, including sound, light, radiation, or even a disease. Attenuation is often used in the context of physics, where it refers to the reduction of the intensity of a wave as it passes through a medium.


The word attenuating comes from the Latin word attenuare, which means “to make thin” or “to weaken.” The word was first used in the English language in the mid-16th century and has been in use ever since.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, attenuating means “to weaken or reduce in force, intensity, or value.” Merriam-Webster defines it as “to make thin or slender” or “to lessen the amount, force, magnitude, or value of.” The Cambridge Dictionary defines it as “to reduce the strength or effect of something.”


Attenuating is often associated with the idea of reducing the impact of something. For example, in medicine, it can refer to the process of reducing the severity of a disease or its symptoms. In physics, it can refer to the reduction of the intensity of a wave as it passes through a medium.


Some synonyms for attenuating include weakening, lessening, reducing, diluting, and mitigating.


Antonyms of attenuating include strengthening, intensifying, increasing, and amplifying.

The same root words

Some words that share the same root as attenuating include attenuated, attenuator, and attenuation.

Example Sentences

  1. The noise from the construction site was attenuated by the sound barrier.
  2. The medication was effective in attenuating the symptoms of the disease.
  3. The light was attenuated as it passed through the dense fog.
  4. The attenuation of the radiation was measured using a Geiger counter.
  5. The company implemented measures to attenuate the impact of the economic downturn.
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