Arcadian – Definition & Meaning

The word “arcadian” is often used to describe a simple and idyllic life in the countryside. It is a term that is often associated with a peaceful and serene lifestyle, far away from the hustle and bustle of the city. In this article, we will explore the definition, origin, and meaning of the word “arcadian.”


According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, “arcadian” means “relating to or suggestive of an idyllic rural life.” The Oxford English Dictionary defines it as “relating to Arcadia, an idealized region of ancient Greece that was believed to be a place of rural simplicity and contentment.”


The word “arcadian” comes from the Greek word “arkadios,” which means “of Arcadia.” Arcadia was a region in ancient Greece that was known for its pastoral beauty and simplicity. It was believed to be a place where people lived in harmony with nature and enjoyed a peaceful way of life.

Meaning in different dictionaries

In addition to the Merriam-Webster and Oxford English dictionaries, other dictionaries define “arcadian” in similar ways. For example, the Cambridge Dictionary defines it as “relating to an idealized, simple, and natural way of life.”


The word “arcadian” is often associated with rural life, simplicity, and contentment. It is also associated with nature, as people living in an arcadian setting are believed to be in harmony with their natural surroundings.


Some synonyms of “arcadian” include pastoral, rustic, bucolic, and idyllic.


Antonyms of “arcadian” include urban, metropolitan, and cosmopolitan.

The same root words

The word “arcadian” is derived from the Greek word “arkadios,” which means “of Arcadia.” Other words that are derived from this same root include “Arcadia,” which refers to the region in ancient Greece, and “Arcadianism,” which refers to the belief in an idyllic rural life.

Example Sentences

  1. The couple decided to move to the countryside to live an arcadian lifestyle.
  2. The painting depicted an arcadian scene of a shepherd tending to his flock in a lush green field.
  3. The writer’s descriptions of the rural landscape were often described as arcadian.
  4. The city slicker was amazed by the arcadian charm of the small town he was visiting.
  5. The artist’s work often featured an arcadian theme, with images of nature and rural life.
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