# Apotome – Definition & Meaning

The word “apotome” is not commonly used in everyday language, but it has a specific meaning in mathematics. It is a term used to describe a specific type of musical interval. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of apotome, its origins, and its associations.

## Definitions

An apotome is a musical interval that is smaller than a diatonic semitone but larger than a chromatic semitone. It is also known as a limma. In mathematics, an apotome is a type of irrational number that can be expressed as the difference between two other irrational numbers.

## Origin

The word “apotome” comes from the Greek word “apotomē,” which means “cutting off.” The term was first used in music theory by the ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, who discovered the mathematical relationships between musical intervals.

## Meaning in different dictionaries

The term apotome is not commonly used in everyday language, so it may not be found in some dictionaries. However, it can be found in specialized dictionaries of music theory and mathematics.

## Associations

In music theory, the apotome is associated with the Pythagorean tuning system, which is based on the ratios of small whole numbers. It is also associated with the concept of just intonation, which aims to create pure and harmonious musical intervals.

## Synonyms

The apotome is also known as a limma or a Pythagorean comma.

## Antonyms

There are no direct antonyms of apotome, as it is a specific type of musical interval.

## The same root words

The word “apotome” is derived from the Greek word “apotomē,” which means “cutting off.” It shares the same root as the words “apoptosis” and “apothecary.”

## Example Sentences

1. The apotome is a musical interval that is smaller than a diatonic semitone but larger than a chromatic semitone.
2. Pythagoras discovered the mathematical relationships between musical intervals, including the apotome.
3. The apotome is associated with the Pythagorean tuning system and the concept of just intonation.