Anuria – Definition & Meaning

Anuria is a medical term that refers to the complete absence of urine production in the body. This condition is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate attention and treatment. Anuria can be caused by a variety of factors, including kidney disease, dehydration, and certain medications. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of anuria, its origin, associations, synonyms, antonyms, and example sentences.


Anuria is defined as the inability to produce urine or the complete absence of urine output. This condition is typically diagnosed when a person produces less than 50 milliliters of urine per day.


The term anuria comes from the Greek words “an” meaning without and “ouron” meaning urine. The first recorded use of the term anuria was in the early 1900s.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, anuria is defined as “the absence or suppression of urine formation.” The Oxford English Dictionary defines anuria as “the failure of the kidneys to produce urine.”


Anuria is often associated with kidney disease, dehydration, and certain medications. Other factors that can cause anuria include urinary tract obstruction, severe infections, and trauma to the kidneys.


Synonyms of anuria include oliguria, which refers to decreased urine output, and non-oliguric anuria, which refers to the absence of urine production despite adequate fluid intake.


Antonyms of anuria include polyuria, which refers to excessive urine production, and diuresis, which refers to the increased excretion of urine.

The same root words

Anuria shares the same root words with other medical terms related to urine production, including dysuria (painful urination) and nocturia (frequent urination at night).

Example Sentences

  1. The patient was diagnosed with anuria and required immediate medical attention.
  2. Anuria can be a symptom of kidney disease or dehydration.
  3. The doctor ordered a urine test to determine if the patient was experiencing anuria.
  4. The nurse monitored the patient’s urine output to ensure they did not develop anuria.
  5. The treatment for anuria depends on the underlying cause of the condition.
Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Words Wiki
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: