Antiperistases – Definition & Meaning

Antiperistases is a term that has been used in various fields, including philosophy, rhetoric, and literature. It is not a commonly used term, and many people may not be familiar with it. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of antiperistases.


Antiperistases is a rhetorical device that involves responding to an attack with a counter-attack. It is a form of defense that involves using the same weapon that was used against you. In philosophy, antiperistases refers to the process of using negative emotions to overcome negative emotions. It is a way of using anger or fear to overcome those emotions.


The word antiperistases comes from the Greek word “antiperistasis,” which means “opposition” or “resistance.” The term was first used in Aristotle’s Rhetoric, where he discussed the use of antiperistases as a rhetorical device.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, antiperistases is “a rhetorical device in which an attack is met by a counter-attack, or a negative emotion is overcome by the deliberate arousal of a contrary emotion.” Merriam-Webster defines it as “the rhetorical device of using a negative emotion to counteract another negative emotion.”


Antiperistases is often associated with the art of persuasion and argumentation. It is a way of defending oneself against an attack and turning the tables on the attacker. It is also associated with the idea of using negative emotions to overcome negative emotions, which is a common theme in philosophy and psychology.


Some synonyms of antiperistases include:

  • Counter-attack.
  • Retaliation.
  • Reprisal.
  • Response.
  • Defense.


Some antonyms of antiperistases include:

  • Surrender.
  • Submission.
  • Retreat.
  • Concession.
  • Apology.

The same root words

Antiperistases shares the same root word with the following terms:

  • Peristasis – a rhetorical device that involves repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis.
  • Peripeteia – a sudden reversal of fortune in a story or play.
  • Peristaltic – relating to the contractions of muscles in the digestive system that move food along.

Example Sentences

Here are some examples of antiperistases in action:

  • “You say that I am lazy, but I have accomplished more in my career than you ever will.”
  • “I may be afraid of heights, but I will not let that stop me from climbing this mountain.”
  • “You accuse me of being selfish, but you are the one who only thinks of yourself.”
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