Anatomy – Definition & Meaning

Anatomy is a term that is commonly used in the field of medicine and biology. It is a word that is often associated with the study of the human body and its various organs and systems. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of anatomy, its origin, and its associations with other words.


Anatomy is the branch of science that deals with the structure and organization of living things. It is concerned with the study of the physical structure of organisms, including humans, animals, and plants. Anatomy is also the study of the relationships between different parts of the body and how they function together.


The word anatomy comes from the Greek word “anatome,” which means “cutting up.” The ancient Greeks were the first to study the human body in a systematic way, and they used dissection to learn about the body’s internal structures. The word anatomy was first used in English in the 14th century.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, anatomy is defined as “the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.” Merriam-Webster defines anatomy as “a branch of morphology that deals with the structure of organisms.”


Anatomy is closely associated with other fields of study, including physiology, pathology, and histology. Physiology is the study of how the body functions, while pathology is the study of diseases and their effects on the body. Histology is the study of the microscopic structure of tissues and organs.


Some synonyms for anatomy include dissection, morphology, and structure.


Antonyms for anatomy include physiology, function, and behavior.

The same root words

Some words that share the same root as anatomy include anatomize, anatomist, and anatomical.

Example Sentences

  1. The study of anatomy is essential for medical students.
  2. The anatomy of the human brain is incredibly complex.
  3. The anatomist used dissection to study the structure of the heart.
  4. The anatomy of plants is an important area of study in botany.
  5. The anatomy of a crime scene can provide important clues for investigators.
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