Anabasis – Definition & Meaning

Anabasis is a word that has been used in various contexts, from ancient Greek literature to modern-day scientific research. It is a term that has been used to describe a wide range of experiences, from military campaigns to personal journeys. In this article, we will explore the definition and meaning of anabasis, its origins, and its associations.


Anabasis is a Greek word that means “a journey or ascent upwards.” It can be used to describe a journey or an expedition, especially one that involves going uphill or ascending. The term is often used in military contexts to describe a campaign or an offensive operation.


The word anabasis comes from the Greek word “anabainein,” which means “to go up” or “to ascend.” The term was first used by the ancient Greek historian Xenophon, who wrote a book called “Anabasis” about the journey of Greek mercenaries who were hired to fight in a Persian civil war.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, anabasis means “a military expedition or campaign, especially one that involves going uphill or ascending.” Merriam-Webster defines anabasis as “a military advance, especially an offensive one.” The Cambridge Dictionary defines anabasis as “a journey or expedition, especially one that involves going uphill or ascending.”


Anabasis is often associated with military campaigns and expeditions, especially those that involve going uphill or ascending. The term is also used in scientific research to describe the movement of cells or organisms towards a higher concentration of a particular substance.


Some synonyms of anabasis include ascent, climb, expedition, campaign, and offensive.


Some antonyms of anabasis include descent, decline, retreat, and withdrawal.

The same root words

The root word of anabasis is “anabainein,” which means “to go up” or “to ascend.” Other words that share this root include anabolism (the process of building up molecules in the body) and anabolic steroids (synthetic hormones that promote muscle growth).

Example Sentences

  • The anabasis of Alexander the Great is one of the most famous military campaigns in history.
  • The anabasis of the Greek mercenaries in Xenophon’s book was a harrowing journey through hostile territory.
  • The anabasis of cancer cells towards blood vessels is a key step in the development of metastasis.
  • The anabolic steroids that some athletes use can have dangerous side effects on their health.
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