Amphistomatic – Definition & Meaning

Amphistomatic is a term that is often used in the field of botany. It refers to the presence of stomata (tiny openings) on both sides of a plant’s leaves. This article will provide a detailed definition and meaning of amphistomatic, its origin, associations, synonyms, antonyms, and example sentences.


Amphistomatic is defined as a condition in which the stomata are present on both sides of the leaves of a plant. This means that the plant can absorb and release gases from both sides of its leaves.


The term amphistomatic is derived from the Greek words ‘amphi’ meaning both, and ‘stoma’ meaning mouth. The term was first used in the early 20th century by botanists to describe the stomatal distribution on plant leaves.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, amphistomatic means “having stomata on both sides of the leaf.” The Cambridge dictionary defines it as “having stomata on both surfaces of the leaf.”


Amphistomatic plants are typically found in hot and dry environments where water is scarce. These plants have evolved to maximize their ability to absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen by having stomata on both sides of their leaves.


The synonyms of amphistomatic include:

  • Adaxial stomata.
  • Abaxial stomata.
  • Isostomatic.


The antonyms of amphistomatic include:

  • Anisostomatic.
  • Hypostomatic.
  • Epistomatic.

The same root words

The same root words as amphistomatic include:

  • Stomata.
  • Amphibious.

Example Sentences

  • The leaves of this plant are amphistomatic, which allows it to survive in hot and dry environments.
  • The stomatal density of amphistomatic leaves is higher than that of hypostomatic leaves.
  • Isostomatic leaves have stomata evenly distributed on both sides, just like amphistomatic leaves.
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