Abradable – Definition & Meaning

Words are the building blocks of language and they help us to express ourselves better. Some words, however, are not commonly used and may be unfamiliar to many people. Abradable is one such word, and this article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of its definition, meaning, and usage.


Abradable refers to a material that can be easily worn away by friction. It is a term commonly used in engineering and manufacturing, particularly in the aerospace industry.


The word abradable is derived from the Latin word “abradere,” which means “to scrape off.” The term was first used in the 1950s in the aerospace industry to describe materials that could be worn away by rubbing against other materials.

Meaning in different dictionaries

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, abradable means “capable of being abraded or worn away by friction.” The Oxford Dictionary defines abradable as “a material that can be easily worn away by friction.”


Abradable materials are often used in the manufacture of gas turbine engines, where they are used to create a seal between the rotor and the stator. The abradable material is designed to wear away gradually over time, creating a perfect seal between the two components.


Some synonyms for abradable include erodable, friable, and wear-resistant.


Antonyms for abradable include durable, hard, and wear-resistant.

The same root words

The root word of abradable is “abrade,” which means “to wear away by friction.” Other words that share the same root include abrasion, abrasive, and abradant.

Example Sentences

  1. The abradable material used in the gas turbine engine wore away over time, creating a perfect seal between the rotor and the stator.
  2. The abrasive surface of the sandpaper abraded the surface of the wood, creating a smooth finish.
  3. The abradant particles in the toothpaste help to remove plaque and stains from teeth.

In conclusion, abradable is a technical term used in engineering and manufacturing to describe materials that can be easily worn away by friction. Understanding the meaning and usage of this word can help individuals to communicate more effectively in technical settings.

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