Abducens nerve – Definition & Meaning

The human body is a complex system with various nerves and organs that work in tandem to ensure proper functioning. One such nerve is the abducens nerve. The abducens nerve is a critical nerve that is responsible for eye movement. In this article, we will explore the definition, meaning, and associations of the abducens nerve.


The abducens nerve is the sixth cranial nerve and is responsible for the lateral movement of the eye. It originates from the pons in the brainstem and travels through the cavernous sinus to reach the eye.


The abducens nerve originates from the pons in the brainstem, which is a part of the central nervous system. It then travels through the cavernous sinus, a cavity in the skull, to reach the eye.

Meaning in different dictionaries

The abducens nerve is defined as the sixth cranial nerve responsible for lateral eye movement in various medical dictionaries, including Merriam-Webster and Oxford Dictionary.


The abducens nerve is associated with various conditions such as abducens nerve palsy, which is a condition where the nerve is damaged, resulting in difficulty moving the eye. It is also associated with multiple sclerosis, a condition that affects the central nervous system and can cause damage to the abducens nerve.


The abducens nerve is also known as the sixth nerve, lateral rectus nerve, and motor ocular nerve.


There are no antonyms for the abducens nerve.

The same root words

The root word of the abducens nerve is “abduce,” which means to draw away from the midline. This is reflected in the function of the nerve, which is to move the eye laterally away from the midline.

Example Sentences

  1. The abducens nerve is responsible for lateral eye movement.
  2. Abducens nerve palsy can result in difficulty moving the eye.
  3. Multiple sclerosis can damage the abducens nerve, leading to vision problems.
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